Engineer A is a principal in an environmental engineering firm and is requested by a developer client to prepare an analysis of a piece of property adjacent to a wetlands area for potential development as a residential condominium. During the firm's analysis, one of the engineering firm's biologists' reports to Engineer A that in his opinion, the house project could threaten a bird species that inhabits the adjacent wetlands area. The bird species is not an "endangered species" but it is considered a "threatened species" by federal and state environmental regulators. In subsequent discussions with the developer client, Engineer A verbally mentions the concern, but Engineer A does... Was it ethical for "Engineer A" not to include the information about the threat to the bird species in a written report that will be submitted to a public authority that is considering the developer's proposal? How should "Engineer A" behave according to the professional ethics and principles ? A municipality selected three engineering firms for interview on the design of a certain water and sewage plant.Each firm proposed virtually the same fee, based on the recommended fee schedule of the state society of professional engineers. The city officials asked each firm to state a figure of the amount of reduction from the fee which it would grant, based on the fact that the city would furnish the preliminary engineering report,partial estimates during construction, all inspectors and resident engineers and other data of value to the engineers in performing their work. The three firms discussed the request jointly and agreed on a uniform credit of $10,000 for the data and services to be furnished by the city. The engineering firms considered that an agreement among them was necessary in order to prevent the procedure from being converted from one of negotiation to one of competitive bidding, it appearing that the city would grant the contract to the firm offering the highest credit. 1.Would it have constituted competitive bidding for the several engineers to independently offer the city are duction in the fee? 2. Was it unethical for the firms involved to confer and agree on a standard credit figure to be offered to the city ? Situation A- A consulting engineer who has done considerable work for a public body makes it a practice to a certain staff engineering employees of the agency to lunch or dinner three or four times a year, at an average cost of $5 per person. He also makes it a practice to give certain members of the engineering staff Christmas presents at an average cost of $10 each. Situation B- Certain engineering employees of an industrial firm, who are in a position to recommend for or against the purchase of products used by the company, regularly receive cash gifts ranging from $25 to $100from salesmen for particular products. Situation C- Upon completion of a major engineering contract held by a consulting engineer, the chief engineer of the client who worked directly and intimately with the consultant receives a new automobile of the value of approximately $4,000 from the consultant with a letter stating that the gift is in appreciation of his close and friendly cooperation and assistance in the successful performance of the work. 1. Was it ethical for the consulting engineer in Situation A to offer any of the gifts to the employees? 2. Was it ethical for the staff engineers in Situation A to accept any of the gifts tendered them? 3. Was it ethical for the engineer employees in Situation B to accept any of the gifts tendered them? 4. Was it ethical for the consultant in Situation C to offer any of the gifts to the employees? 5. Was it ethical for the Chief Engineer in Situation C to accept any of the gifts tendered them

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