Inorganic chemistry is that part of chemistry that provides the information about elements and inorganic compounds. Inorganic chemistry consists of the study of elements and all compounds except carbon. Inorganic chemistry is that topic which typically consists of intense researching. While, natural chemistry deals with the research study of carbon containing substances, the inorganic chemistry deals with the study of research in staying subset of substances rather than natural substances. There is an overlap between the two fields such as organic metallic substances, which typically consist of metals, metalloids and compounds formed with the metal carbon bonding. Inorganic chemistry consists of both type of substances, prolonged and molecular solids, including everything else in the routine table and overlaps with the natural chemistry rather than organ metallic chemistry, the chemistry in which metal are bonded with carbon containing ligands and particles. Inorganic chemistry, it's not just only about molecules, it is parallely interested in vast ranges of compounds that consists of atomic gases, which are non molecular prolonged varieties, water soluble particles and other polar and nonpolar substances. Briefly describing, inorganic chemistry focuses on substances which are based upon their methods, structure, position in periodic table, tables based upon characteristic properties such as atomic weight and their structural resemblance to each other. Inorganic chemistry plays a significant role in various fields, for instance, in fields like pigments, finishes, surfactants, medications and fuels and so many more. Inorganic chemistry generally works at molecular level rather than mammoth giant levels. Inorganic chemistry plays an important role in advancement and modifications of large scale options energy resources: 1. Industrial and practical inorganic chemistry - Typically describing a Nation's progress and economy could be evaluated by the production and consumption of sulphuric acid and the countries on the top of this are Canada, China, Europe , India Japan and United States. The most produced chemicals in the above countries involves ammonia, Aluminum Sulphate, Ammonium Nitrate, carbon black, chlorine, hydrochloric acid, hydrogen, hydrogen peroxide, and so many more. The Ammonia is used in fertilizers and another practical applications of industrial inorganic chemistry. Therefore, it is the most required product in countries for the advancement in the fields. 2. Descriptive or fundamental inorganic chemistry - This part of inorganic chemistry focuses on classification of inorganic compounds based upon the characteristic properties and the respected classification includes: I. Main group inorganic compounds - In inorganic chemistry, main compounds are known from the beginning of chemistry, for an instance, experiments for oxygen by Lavoisis and Priesty not just identified the basic diatomic gas, but also opened the path for further reactions in compounds formed according to Stoichiometry. Ii. Coordination compounds - In this aspect of inorganic chemistry of the latest coordination compounds, almost every organic and inorganic compound can be used as ligands. Ligands are attached to the metals in different coordination compounds in different stoichiometric ratios. iii. Transition metal compounds - In inorganic chemistry, compounds which are formed consisting the metals of group 4 to 11 are called transition metal compounds, and sometimes compounds containing metals of group 3 or 12 are also included in the group. The above mentioned describes the varied coordination chemistry, varying from tetrahedral in Titanium, to square planar in Nickel to octahedral for Cobalt complexes. A use of coordination metal compounds can be seen in nature as a. Hemoglobin contains iron b. Chlorophyll contains magnesium c. Vitamin B12 contains Cobalt Coordination compounds are also used in medical treatments such as Cisplatin is used to cure Cancer disease. One of the another important topics in inorganic chemistry is the organometallic compounds which includes metal carbon and hydrogen linkages. It is a special category because organic ligands are prone to hydrolysis, redox reactions etc., assuring the employment of specialized preparative methods which were traditional like that of Werner type complexes. Mostly, these ligands are petrochemicals in some sense; therefore they have great benefited industries in that relevance. Now, the most important section other than any other field of inorganic chemistry is the solid state inorganic chemistry which focuses on bonding, structures and physical characteristics of compounds. The biggest challenge to inorganic chemists is the drive to optimize existing and develop new technology that will improve the performance of catalysts to save energy and aim for sustainable developments. Therefore, our above mentioned respected topic of inorganic chemistry is to be concluded here.
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Qis college of engineering and technology