4 a radioactive isotope of plutonium pu 238 is used to make thermoelec

Question

4. A radioactive isotope of plutonium, Pu-238, is used to make thermoelectric power sources for
spacecraft. The half-life of Pu-238 is 87.7 years. A space probe was launched in 2020 with 3.0 kg of
Pu-238.
a) Write a function of the form Q(t) = Qu e-kt to model the quantity Q(t) of Pu-238 that is left t years after
the launch in 2020.
b) If 1.6 kg of Pu-238 is required to power the spacecraft's data transmitter, for how long after launch
would scientists be able to retrieve data? (Show your equation and work. Round answer to the
nearest year.)