6) A horizontal 45° reducing pipe bend has water flowingthrough it at a rate of 0.45 m³/s, as shown in the figurebelow. The diameters at the upstream and downstreamends are 0.6 m and 0.3 m, respectively. The pressure atthe upstream end is 145,000 N/m². Neglect any frictionlosses in the pipe bend. Calculate the x and y componentsof the force exerted on the water by the pipe bend. Notethat the downstream end is not open to the atmosphere(not a free jet). Density of water is 999 kg/m³.

Fig: 1

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