Question

9) Water flows through a pipe elbow and discharges from a nozzle. The mass flow rate is 15.3 kg/s. The pressure in the pipe before the elbow is 2.3 atm (gage). The pipe diameter is 0.1 m and the nozzle diameter is 0.03 m. Find the x and y direction forces on the flange bolts.

Fig: 1

Fig: 2