A taxi company in a large city put a new type of tire with a special tread on a randomsample of 50 cars, and the regular type of tire on

another random sample of 50 cars.After a month, the gas mileage of each car was measured. a) Is this a randomized experiment or an observational study? b) Assume that one of the samples had noticeably better gas mileage than the other.Could this result be due to confounding? Explain.

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