Federalist/Anti-Federalist After the Constitution was signed in Philadelphia in September 1787, a vigorous debate over its ratification began. his debate took place "out of doors" in newspapers, taverns, parlors, and homes of Americans, as well as within each state's ratification convention. 1. What was the main argument of the Federalists? (Identify at least THREE) 2. What was the main argument of the Anti-Federalists? (Identify at least THREE) 3. List three ways this document demonstrates that the government created under the Constitution was more powerful than the central government created under the Articles of Confederation.