Part I. Consider the data below. Verbs in languages vary in terms of how many NPs they require to form a VP. Intransitive verbs like walk or run in (1) do not require an NP.Transitive verbs like write or cook in (2) have one NP (or one Object). In addition, English has ditransitive verbs like give and send in (3) that require two NPs (or two Objects) after the verb. One of the objects of a ditransitive verb is called Direct because the Object NP is always linked to the verb directly and is never used inside a Prepositional Phrase; the other object is called Indirect because it can be linked to the verb indirectly inside a Prepositional Phrase. In the form of a paragraph, explain what semantic roles the NPs after transitive and ditransitive verbs have. Point to any difference in semantic role assignment between transitive and ditransitive verbs. Modify the sentences in (3) to demonstrate the semantic role of NP1 after ditransitive verbs.
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