10. Most scholars believe that the growth of modern Presidential Power-the so called "imperial Presidency"-began with a. William Howard Taft b. Benjamin Harrison c. Franklin Roosevelt d. Lyndon Johnson Barak Obama 11. Power within the traditional Congress model was based on a. Money and campaign finance ability. b. Celebrity and personal fame. C Geography and single party dominance. d. Seniority and committee chairs. 12. The President's Administrative Power is based on a. control of taxes b. appointment of top-level bureaucrats c. public prestige d. Presidential task forces 13. The Supreme Court is the____________branch of american government a. judicial b. executive c. wise d. legislative 14. The reason most Congressmen are re-elected is that a. they are very good in providing a constituent service b. they are seen as statesmen c. they are seen as resisting Presidential pressure d. they belong to the President's political party 15. Which of the following best describes American political style in the years 1789-1828? a. rule of political parties b. rule of educated gentlemen c. frontier-dominated democracy d. rule of a mercantile elite 16. Populism in American politics is best understood as a. relating to the impact of television on politics b. a plan that would reform campaign finance in elections c. a movement of people who believe they have been excluded from the normal political process d. a call for direct popular election of American presidents a. John Marshall 17. The Chief Justice who established the Powers of the Supreme Court was: a. executive privilege b. Franklin Roosevelt c. Thomas Jefferson d. John Adams 18. The action whereby the Supreme Court judges whether the actions of the Congress and President are allowed by the Constitution: a. executive privilege b. court superiority c. judicial review d. law-making 19. In America today, policy-making is most characterized by a. Presidential direction b. Congressional authority. c fragmentation d. aggregation 20. In the early American Republic, the Federalists saw the future of America as a. a small agricultural republic b. a vast commercial republic c. an imperial empire d. a confederation of states 21. In the early American Republic the Jeffersonians saw the future of America as a. a small agricultural republic b. a vast commercial republic c. an imperial empire d. a confederation of states 22. The fundamental British value in organizing power is a. Royal Prerogatives b. Decentralization c. Centralization d. Democracy 23. The Dominant Political Institution in English Government is a. the Monarchy b. the House of Lords c. the House of Commons d. the Privy council 24. Among the residual powers of the King/Crown in England is a. that it legitimates the Civil Service b. operational command of the army C. the naming of the Prime Minister d. deciding when to dissolve Parliament 25. Which of the following best describes the current or contemporary role of the House of Lords in British politics? a. The House of Lords exists to provide inherited wealth a say equal to that of the people in British politics. b. The House of Lords exists to provide "wise counsel"- that is, it is a revising chamber that suggests improvements to the House of Commons c. The House of Lords has no powers whatsoever and exists only to provide a retirement place for failed and elderly politicians. d. The House of Lords functions as a super executive agency, an enlarged Cabinet. 26. Unlike America, in England, there is a. no popular elections b. no civic culture c. a system of federalism d. no separation of powers 27. The place where executive power is located in Britain is called: a. the Crown b. the Cabinet c. the Civil Service d. the House of Lords 28. The two powers a Prime Minister within the British government has: a. time delay and policy dictating c. resignation and firing b. re-shuffling and promotion d. recruitment and majority voting 29. The operating principle of the Cabinet is: a. collective responsibility b. majority voting c. supporting the Prime Minister d. defending the crown 30. Two characteristics of the elite British Civil Service are: a. permanent and neutral competence b. class rule and exclusion. c. royal privilege and openness d. secretiveness and heredity 31. Which of the following is considered the founder and creator the British Civil Service? a. King Charles II b. Lord Arlington C. Samuel Pepys d. William Hewer e. Ben Elton 32. Which of the following is considered the primary architect of the modern British welfare state and who wrote a lengthy report on the design of a National Health Service? a. Lord Butler b. Benjamin Disraeli C. Lord Beveridge d. David Cameron e. Nick Clegg f. Benajmin Rothelsberger 33. The creator and founder of the Poor House System in nineteenth century England is: a. Winston Churchill b. Margaret Thatcher c. Sir Edwin Chadwick d. Lord Shaftsbury 34. The creator of the 1944 Education Act in Great Britain was a. Margaret Thatcher b. Lord Butler c. Winston Churchill d. Clement Atlee 35. The creator and founder of modern French government is_ a. George Pompidou b. Jacques Chirac c. Charles De Gaulle d. George Clooney e. Louis Quatorze 36. The strongest political institution in modern French government is. a. The Prime Minister b. The National Assembly c. The Conseil d'Etat d. The Ecole Nationale Administration e. The Presidency