Biology referred to as biological sciences, is the study of living organisms utilizing the scientific method. Biology examines the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and distribution of living organisms. The word biology is derived from two Greek words: - bios mean life and logos meaning study. Aspects of biological science range from the study of molecular mechanisms in cells, to the classification and behaviour of organisms, how species evolve and interact between ecosystems. The modern tendency towards cross-disciplinary research and the unification of scientific knowledge and investigation from different field has resulted in significant overlap of the field of biology with other scientific principles, for example biochemistry and toxicology with biology, chemistry and medicine, biophysics with biology etc. Biology is subdivided into separate branches for convenience of study, though all the subdivisions are interrelated by basic principles. Thus, while it is custom to separate study of plants (botany) from that of animals (zoology) and the study of structure of organisms (morphology) from that of function (physiology), the certain biological phenomena shared by living things are common for example methods of reproduction, cell division and transmission of genetic material. Biology as a separate science was developed in the nineteenth century, as scientists discovered that organisms shared fundamental characteristics. Now biology is a standard subject of instruction at schools and universities around the world and over a million papers are published annually in a wide array of biology and medicine journals. Reference:- https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/biology.htm
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