Question

3.19. An ideal gas initially at 600 K and 10 bar undergoes a four-step mechanically reversible cycle in a closed system. In step 12, pressure decreases isothermally to 3 bar; instep 23. pressure decreases at constant volume to 2 bar; in step 34, volume decreases at constant pressure; and in step 41, the gas returns adiabatically to its initial state.Take Cp = (7/2)R and Cy = (5/2)R. (a) Sketch the cycle on a PV diagram. (b) Determine (where unknown) both T and P for states 1, 2, 3, and 4. \text { (c) Calculate } Q, W, \Delta U, \text { and } \Delta H \text { for each step of the cycle. }

Fig: 1

Fig: 2

Fig: 3

Fig: 4