In the appendix to your book you will find a copy of Federalist #10 by James Madison. You can also find it online at and

sources/federalist-no-10 as well as numerous other sites. Although it is not very long, it is densely worded, and is probably the most important primary source one can consult on the theory behind our government's design. Please

read this selection carefully and summarize Madison's theories and arguments.

Summarization is an important skill to develop for academic work and for many pursuits. The point of this exercise is for you to closely read a primary source document and extract the main points.

While you are reading please keep in mind the following questions:

• What is the main challenge faced by democracies?

• How can this problem be solved?

• Is there more than one solution?

• Is one better than the other? Why?

Please note that when he is talking about republican and democratic forms of government Madison is NOT referring to the Democratic Republican parties.